The city of Salzburg has taken another important step to increase the quality of cycling traffic: The future main cycling network will connect more than 100km of cycle traffic facilities to generate new quality. Here we are providing you with the very first glance of the details for the network plan. Cycle Competence member con.sens had a leading role in developing this comprehensive concept.
As reported, the city of Salzburg has aimed high with its cycling strategy passed in 2017: The cycling share is to increase from currently 20% to at least 24% by 2025. Including parallel measures regarding motorised traffic a share of up to 28% could be reached. In 2018, planning for a main cycling network including various measures around it was unanimously agreed on in the city parliament.
One of the central areas of action within the cycling strategy is the creation of new bike paths to make safe and comfortable cycling infrastructure available to cyclists all over the city. Currently the cycling routes along the Salzach river are the backbone of Salzburg’s cycling network. The cycling network will complement those with 12 radial routes into the surrounding areas, 3 ring routes as well as a North-South connection. The latter has an important function to open up routes to universities or connect them to other routes.
This representation of the main cycling network is based on the design of public transport networks. In future, cycling traffic in Salzburg can happen along clearly structured routes: Three central routes (S1 & 2 along the Salzach river and additionally U1), three concentric ring routes (R 1-3) and 12 radial feeder routes (H1-12 clockwise).
Important cycling connections, especially with green space-quality are the overlay to the main cycling network. For a large part the two are identical. The “greener” routes are – to a greater extent – addressing leisure cyclists but also every day commuters.
The long-term goal to offer a cycling network throughout the city ensuring safe and comfortable cycling but also a good traffic-flow for all road users.
The main cycling network was analysed according to two criteria: “exposition towards motorised individual traffic” and “good traffic flow” to identify existing high-quality routes as well as those in need of improvement.
Cycle Competence was tapped to determine the cycling traffic potential of radial routes and selected tangential connections: The planners used the tool to assess roads used most often from the urban mobility lab Salzburg (UML/rsa iSPACE) as well as a cycling traffic model developed by our member Z_GIS. This allowed prioritising optimisation schedules and planning for new routes. The main cycling network contains several visionary connections with high cycling traffic potential and/or strategic significance. Among those is an underpass North of the main train station in Salzburg between the city quarters of Itzling and Schallmoos, a continuous cycling connection along the Glanbach and a bridge across the Saalach to Freilassing.
The catalogue of additional measures (Maßnahmenprogramm 2025+) contains gap closures in the cycling network and proposals for extensions to existing cycle traffic facilities currently not matching the demands for the main cycling network. Especially along the Salzach a few route sections are currently at capacity during peak times – during the cycling season these sections are frequented by more than 15.000 cyclists a day. For a good traffic flow, an increase in comfort and higher traffic safety various measures have to be taken. For cycling paths a continuous width of at least 3 metres excluding safety zones at the sides is recommended.
Apart from larger construction projects the catalogue of measures also contains a number of smaller projects which can be implemented quickly. Among those are the creation of cycling streets (Fahrradstraßen), widening multi-purpose lanes (Mehrzweckstreifen) and optimising cycling crossings.
Additionally it is recommended to install cycling counters on all major routes quite soon to be able to assess the impact of the cycling strategy 2025+.
images: con.sens verkehrsplanung zt gmbh